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Survivor Elder, Thelma Slogan is part of the Musqueam people and is a well-respected and knowledgeable elder within the Musqueam.


The Musqueam (xʷməθkʷəy̓əm) people have lived in our traditional territory, what is currently called Vancouver and the surrounding areas, for thousands of years. Some of the ancient histories describe the landscape as it was over eight thousand years ago.


The Musqueam nations ceremonial tradition  include sweeping with cedar to clear away negative energy. Before the ceremonial session, in the morning they gather cedar boughs in the forest, sweep the room, and each guest as they enter the room (depending on how many guests) and then they discard the cedar back into the woods at the end of the day. 


Elder Thelma Stogan requires a podium and microphone for her territorial welcome and ceremonial blessing. Thelma and her brother Arthur will share with the audience the Musqueam traditions and practices. Their ceremony also includes drumming and song.